Module 6.Studying in the European Higher Education Area.

Part 2: Methodological issues

3.1. Teaching and learning formats.

Teaching and learning formats depend on university teaching and learning taking place in face-to-face sessions with teachers (in-presence) and/or by collaborative and/or autonomous study activities (off-presence).

In-presence sessions

a) Lectures: Expository sessions for explanation of certain facts on the part of teaching staff, the students, etc. It may also be implemented by video (videoconference).

b) Seminars- Workshops. These are supervised thematic sessions where teachers as well as students participate. Professional experts might also take part in seminars.

c) Practice-oriented sessions: Students work in small groups by solving study cases, preparing diagnosis work, doing lab/field work, using ICT, etc.

d) External practice-oriented sessions: Students work outside class by joining partner firms, public entities, etc. These teaching and learning activities are meant to develop practical competence and skills “at the shop floor” of different organizations (stages, traineeship, apprenticeship, etc.)

e)Tutorials. Students meet the teacher in his/her office or in the agreed place so that teacher could evaluate, guide, promote and tutor students’ work.


Off-presence learning formats


a) Work in pairs/Small-group work: Students meet in pairs and/or small groups in order to prepare materials for seminars, doing some research and/or readings, etc. Then they could present their work in class before the student audience. Students enhance their individual learning by interacting with fellow students, teachers acting as supervisors through the learning process in pairs/groups.

b) Autonomous, individual learning/study. Students work alone, using academic facilities (library, laboratories, etc.) if they wish. They might work on issues already arisen in class or to be dealt with. Again, teachers act as students’ tutor.

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